Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) rights in Croatia have expanded in recent years so the gay tourism is developing extremely quickly and people are very gay friendly. Both male and female same-sex sexual activity was legalized in Croatia in 1977 with the introduction of Croatia’s own penal code. The age of consent was equalized in 1998.
Status Legal since 1977, age of consent equalized in 1998.
Gender identity Changing legal gender is permitted by the law.
Military Gays and lesbians and bisexuals allowed to openly serve.
The status of same-sex relationships was first formally recognized in 2003 under a law dealing with unregistered cohabitations. As a result of a 2013 referendum, Croatia’s Constitution defines marriage solely as a union between a woman and man, effectively prohibiting same-sex marriage. Nevertheless, since the introduction of the Life Partnership Act in 2014, same- sex couples have effectively enjoyed rights equal to heterosexual married couples in everything except adoption rights. However, the separate legislation does provide same-sex couples with a mechanism similar to step-child adoption called “partner-guardianship”. Croatia bans all discrimination on the grounds of sexual orientation, gender identity, and gender expression. Center-left, center, and green political parties have generally been the main proponents of LGBT rights, while right- wing, center-right political parties and movements close to the Roman Catholic Church have been in opposition to the extension of rights. In 2015, the International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association (ILGA) ranked Croatia 5th in terms of LGBT rights out of 49 observed European countries, which represented an improvement compared to the previous year’s position of 12th place.Croatia is among 11 member countries that make up a LGBT Core Group at U.N. on Ending Violence and Discrimination.